North American T-28 Trojan

The T-28 Trojan is a training aircraft and light ground combat aircraft produced by North American Aviation and manufactured from 1950 to 1957.

The T-28 Trojan is a training aircraft and light ground combat aircraft produced by North American Aviation and manufactured from 1950 to 1957.

The U.S. Air Force was looking for a new trainer aircraft in the late 1940s to replace the North American AT-6 (designated “Harvard” in Royal Air Force service). North American presented its NA-159 design after the 1948 tender, two prototypes of which were subsequently ordered and began flight testing as the XT-28 on September 26, 1949.

In 1950, the U.S. Air Force ordered 266 T-28A series aircraft (with the 588 kW Wright R-1300-1A seven-cylinder radial engine and two-bladed propeller) to serve basic training. A total of 1194 of this series were produced and were also sold and used outside the USA.

The T-28B was the US Navy’s version. It took its maiden flight on 6 April 1953 before scale production began in 1954. It got the more powerful Wright R-1820-26 engine with 1047 kW power and a three-blade propeller. 489 units of this version were built.

Later there were several variants. For example, the T-28C, which used the same engine as the T-28B and was also aircraft carrier capable thanks to a reinforced rear fuselage, airbrakes and arrestor hooks. It had its maiden flight on 19 September 1955. 299 units were built by 1957. The T-28D “Nomad” (also AT-28) was a rebuilt A version with a Wright R-1820-56S engine and six underwing stations for up to 1814 kg weapons load, intended to serve COIN missions. A total of 321 aircraft (mostly T-28A, but also T-28B or C) from North American and 72 from Fairchild were converted to this status. A version modified in France (with R-1820-76A, three-blade propeller and reinforced wings) was designated T-28S “Fennec”, a version converted to a reconnaissance aircraft as RT-28D, drone control aircraft as T-28BD, civil aircraft as T-28R Nomad. Taiwan built 50 T-CH-1 units, a variant with a turboprop engine.

The U.S. Air Force phased out the T-28 in favor of the Beechcraft T-34 Mentor beginning in 1956, with the aircraft being sold to many different air forces around the world. It remained in service with the U.S. Navy until 1984.

Several versions were successfully used as ground attack aircraft from November 1961 (initially eight T-28Bs) in South Vietnam, by France in Algeria and during the civil war in the Democratic Republic of Congo during the Congo Crisis in 1964.

Today, numerous aircraft still fly and can often be seen at airshows – at AIRPOWER22, an example can be admired in the static display.

North American T-28 Trojan

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